The World Health Organization estimates that there are between 100
and 120 million people with diabetes worldwide.
In the United States 16 million people have diabetes:
- Eight million Americans have been diagnosed with diabetes, and a new case
is diagnosed every minute.
- Another eight million have the disease but are undiagnosed.
- Diabetes significantly increases an individuals chance of premature
death and often changes his lifestyle dramatically -- yet half of all Americans with
diabetes do not know they have the disease.
There are two major types of diabetes: Type I (insulin- dependent,
early onset or juvenile diabetes) and Type II (non-insulin-dependent or maturity-onset
diabetes). In Type I, the body produces no insulin. In Type II, the body produces insulin,
but does not use it effectively.
onset is usually before age 30. It is considered an autoimmune disease.
- The federal government estimates that there are 800,000 people with
insulin-dependent diabetes (Type I). Type I diabetes is often called juvenile diabetes
- In order to stay alive, people with insulin-dependent diabetes must
inject themselves with insulin up to six times a day and check their blood glucose level
up to eight times a day. Diabetes treatment takes one to three hours a day. Over a
lifetime, the average individual with Type I diabetes will spend close to 60,000 hours
- There are between 7 and 7.5 million people with non-insulin-dependent
(Type II) diabetes. This disease usually develops in adults over age 40. Some 40 percent
of these patients require some insulin to manage their diabetes.
Diabetes is a contributing factor of death from other major diseases.
Diabetes alone is a leading cause of death by disease.
aged people with diabetes have a death rate twice as high as middle-aged
people without diabetes.
- The life expectancy of people with diabetes averages 20 years less than
that of people without diabetes. Middle-
- People with diabetes are two to four times more likely to have heart and
vascular disease than people without diabetes.
- People with diabetes are 250% more likely to have a stroke.
- Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease, accounting for
more than one-third of new cases. It is also the primary cause of non-congenital kidney
disease, accounting for one-fourth of all new cases.
- The death rate among infants born to mothers with diabetes is two to
three times as high as for women without diabetes.
Diabetes can cause life-changing disability.
- More than half of all leg amputations in the U.S. are due to diabetes.
- Diabetes is the leading cause of new blindness among adults 20-74 years
- About 60 to 70 percent of people with diabetes have mild to severe nerve
Diabetes affects all ethnic and racial groups:
- Caucasians: 6%;
- Puerto Rican Americans: 10.9%;
- African Americans: 9.6%;
- Mexican Americans: 9.6%;
- Cuban Americans: 9.1%; and
- American Indians: ranging from 5% to 50%.
One out of every four Medicare dollars is spent on diabetes or its
complications, and one out of every seven dollars spent on health care annually in the
U.S. is spent on it.
- U.S. health care expenditures for people with diabetes exceed $130
- Total direct and indirect cost (disability; work loss; premature death)
of diabetes care costs Medicare $28.6 billion annually.
- The average lifetime costs of diabetes for a child diagnosed at age three